The Population and Housing Census, which began Sunday August 26th, is Tanzania’s fifth post- independence census count. The main objective of this census is “to contribute to the improvement of quality of life of Tanzanians through the provision of up to date and reliable data for development planning, policy formulation, planning and service delivery, as well as for monitoring and evaluating population programs.”
The past censuses in Tanzania have been less successful than hoped, and most censuses done in colonial times were actually used mainly to identify adult tax payers. The recent censuses in post colonial Tanzania have often been tainted with discrimination and prejudice.
This census is being held by the National Bureau of Statistics and the Zanzibar Office of the Chief Government Statistician. The more specific goals of this census include district profiling to provide planners with more accurate data, social and economic development planning, and providing data for researchers in various fields of study.